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Determining joint-several liability for climate loss & damages as percentages
of accumulated emissions above the global per capita average 1750-2013



For all countries, the procedure described below is applied to the whole carbon budget across time (past and future) integrating: -

  • the PAST - to determine joint/several liability internationally for climate loss-&-damage claims already arising &
  • the FUTURE - to clarify national carbon-budget-proportions of the global budget remaining under the 'Paris Climate Agreement'.

1750 to 2013, 'National Emissions' as shares are accumulated 'Actual Emissions', minus Debit &/or plus Credit.
Debit &/or Credit are the gross accumulated weights of carbon emissions, where 'National Emissions' were: -

This procedure: -

  • assumes the simplicity and the certainty of regarding all claims on the 'use of' the global commons (ocean/atmosphere etc) as equal per person per unit time,
  • reduces uncertainties - but crucially also eliminates infinities - from the sum of the overall carbon-use of and carbon-claims, counter-claims and intended claims on the global commons,
  • means the combination of the above is deliberately employed for the specific purpose of making an overall carbon-budget total: -

    [a] that commutes the sum of the national carbon-budget parts with
    [b] the total international carbon-budget as a whole
    [c] that in turn and by definition is required for UNFCCC-Compliance.

This means the global total of emissions has been integrated and analysed on a non-random basis: -

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