GLOBAL CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning & Land Use Changes
All country Accumulated International
CREDITS &/or DEBITS 1750 to 2013....
& Future global carbon constraints set by the Paris Agreement to the UNFCCC



As things stand, the 'gap' between amibition in and the implementation of the Paris Agreement is a worsening double-jeopardy between: -

  1. [a] the still growing total of emissions that is driving us all towards climate disaster and [b] the rapidly shrinking total that is needed to avoid this and
  2. [c] the UNFCCC Parties which caused this problem and [d] the UNFCCC Parties which didn't, some of whom are already being driven to extinction by it.


From 1750 to 2013 & forward to 2050, by country & at each point in time (by year), carbon emissions are calculated in relation to the global per capita average
of emissions in each of those years.

This defines 1750 to 2013: -

The extent of carbon CREDIT &/or DEBIT internationally accumulated since 1750 is recorded in charts & tables.

  1. Return to CREDIT:DEBIT Analysis
  2. Go to All Countries listing Alphabetical
  3. Go to All Countries in Regional Groupings
  4. Go to an easy Visualization of how CREDIT:DEBIT is calculated
  5. Go to All Countries in Overal CREDIT:DEBIT Groupings
  6. Go to All Countries detailed CREDIT:DEBIT Breakdown as %s
  7. Go to UK Emissions compared with several Regions
  8. Go to a short explanation of each element of the global analysis done for each country

Within this global reference framework, international carbon consumption per unit time has been quantified and compared for: -

  • the 'PAST', a period of gradual emissions expansion (with ~50% accumulation in the global atmosphere & ~50% accumulation in the global sinks) &
  • the 'FUTURE', a period of rapid emissions contraction and what needs to happen 2014-2050 for UNFCCC-compliance, as per the Paris Agreement.

    So with the national parts commuting with the international whole across geographical space & time (1750-2013), if an individual country's actual emissions: -

    • were above that average, the country as a whole was debiting the global commons account;
    • were below that average, the country as a whole was crediting the global commons account;
    • were both below & above that average, the country as a whole was both crediting & debiting the global commons account.


  • Past emissions data comes primarily from CDIAC (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre, Oak Ridge, Tennessee - US Government);
  • Population data comes from various sources (principally from the World Bank);
  • Future carbon budget integrals to meet the temperature targets in the 'Paris Agreement' come from the IPCC AR5 Synthesis Report.

The carbon accounting here was published by 'Lawtext' in 'Environmental Liability, Law Policy & Practice' (2016) as part of the study (Crosland et al) known as
The Paris Agreement Implementation Blueprint
. It is 'A Practical Guide to Bridging the Gap between Actions & Goal & Closing the Accountability Deficit'.


  1. All Country CREDIT DEBIT (1750-2020)
  2. All Country alphabetical
  3. C&C first 20 years
  4. EAC Carbon Budget Enquiries
  5. C&C is Embedded in 'CBAT', the Carbon Budget Analysis Tool
  6. Global Warming is Accelerating
  7. Sinks shrinking
  8. Collaboration with Plan-B
  9. Submission to the Talanoa Dialogue
  10. Damages Liabilities
  11. Judicial Review
  12. The irrationality of delay - the case in a Nutshell
  13. Judicial Review - Update
  14. Speech
  15. Judicial Review - Second Update
  16. HMG dodgy statistics 
  17. Sane Safe Fair - Why does HMG insist on a UK CO2 share >3 times its equal share?
  18. IPCC Miracle for AR6 - more carbon equals less temperature
  19. Assumptions (ideology vs logic)
  20. 'Dominance' (Music) - the 'seminal derivation' of 'Phi'
  21. Eternity
  22. A Beautiful Model