In 2017, we are approaching the 'event horizon' of irreversibility with climate change. In December 2017, Jeremy Mathis, Director of NOAA's Arctic Programme said,
"the environment is changing so quickly . . . there is an almost runaway effect . . . we can't quite get a handle on what this new state is going to look like."

However, the UK Government refuses to align its carbon reduction target with the Paris Climate Agreement


  1. All Country CREDIT DEBIT
  2. C&C first 20 years
  3. EAC Carbon Budget Enquiries
  4. C&C is Embedded in 'CBAT', the Carbon Budget Analysis Tool
  5. Collaboration with Plan-B
  6. Judicial Review
  7. HMG dodgy statistics 
  8. Assumptions (ideology vs logic)
  9. 'Dominance' (Music)


In view of the 'existential threat' posed by the accelerating rates of global climate change,
perhaps it is time to be addressing the existential threat of sustaining False Dichotomies

A non-ideological overall framework - a unity - is jointly & severally required to interrogate, negotiate & integrate UNFCCC-Compliance on the full-term, integral basis of: -

Contraction and Convergence (C&C) - 'The Well Tempered Climate Accord' (WTCA)

C&C was created by GCI in 1995 to that purpose. It was to integrate the full-term international process of UNFCCC-Compliance.
This requires the arrest of atmospheric GHG accumulation curving upwards so it gradually curves downwards to a level pre-judged as 'safe & stable' (e.g. at least 350 ppmv).

This means first setting out the whole emissions-contraction-event (the path-integral) consistent with that. So the methodology of any contraction-&-convergence-based-path-integral
of future global GHG emissions deliberately embodies
the sequencing structure of a UNFCCC-Compliant C&C proposition where the: -

Logical Assumption (beyond belief)

Equal Temperament or 'Well Tempered Tuning', means tuning the 12 semi-tones equally within the fundamental doubling structure of the musical 'octave'.
The classic example, J S Bach's 'Well Tempered Clavichord' (1721), assumes equal semi-tone steps & remains the classic expression of equal temperament.

The key points arising from this are: -

GCI intentionally nick-named C&C, 'The Well Tempered Climate Accord' to underline the non-ideological properties of this methodology;
Like an 'Amen' cadence, the C&C 'event' has structure. A 'user-chooser' C&C animation with 1,000,000 possible rates of C&C - that always commute - is in CBAT here.

Back to the 'Carbon Budget Support'
Back to All Country Carbon Budget Credit/Debit Introduction

Addressing the false dichotomy between Logical & contestable & conflicted left/right Ideological Assumptions (or 'beliefs')

For 30 years, 'ideological assumptions' have obscured the sine-qua-non for UNFCCC-Compliance, a non-random internationally inclusive path-integral
for a limited & declining future weight of emissions globally on a precautionary and preventive basis i.e. completing a full-term C&C 'event' as quickly as possible.

In 2008 Professor Ross Garnaut advanced a significant but residually ideological statement about C&C saying, "(it) has the virtue of simplicity.
Equal per capita emissions is a natural focal point. Contestable computations based on economic variables do not need to enter the allocation

Recognizing economic variables as 'contestable' was certainly an improvement on the earlier 'ideological charge' laid by John Ashton of the UK Foreign and
Commonwealth Office (FCO) who stated in 2002 that, "C&C is compelling, yet at its heart lurks a contestable ideological assumption; equal per capita emissions as rights".

Earlier still in 1998, British sociologist Professor Anthony Giddens claimed that the radical center is synonymous with the Third Way. For Giddens, an advisor to former British
Prime Minister Tony Blair, and for many other European political actors, the Third Way is a reconstituted form of the ideological compromise know as 'social democracy'.

Probably for these reasons, Anthony Giddens was consistently a supporter and an advocate of C&C.
Many others were too - and here

The 'Economics of Genocide' was introduced into IPCC SAR (1994) by Economists from the UK & the US

In the IPCC Second Assessment in 1994, UK and US economists introduced Global-Cost/Benefit-Analysis (G-C/B-A). As all the 'costs' of Global Warming had to be included in this tally,
the cost of the 'mortality' due to climate change had to included. This in turn required that these deaths had to be estimated, totalled and converted to a 'cash-value'.

'Contingent markets' were created for this valuation. This turned out to meant that the climate related death of a person was proportional to the income of that person while alive.
This in turn resulted in the infamous 'average' where the cash value of fifteen dead Chinese people equalled one dead English person.
There was a huge row about this.

Their difficulty was in having demonstrated that it was cheaper to kill people than solve the problem. Consequently GCI argued that the reality of this ideology
was the 'economics of genocide' & that solving the problem means that the C&C framework over guesswork, and that this is the non-ideological choice.

Some Resistance was mounted against this methodology

Incensed at the row generated by his harmless technique, Professor David Pearce called the campaign against it, "the stupidest campaign in history".
Professor William Nordhaus wrote an angry letter to GCI saying, "if you don't like it being done in $s, you could have it in spotted owl equivalents."

A sharp response to David Pearce was sent by UK Ambassador Sir Crispin Tickell, "I beseech you in the bowels of Christ, think it possible you may be mistaken."
The response to Nordhaus was simply to ask, "why, if a spotted owl equals a spotted owl, doesn't a human equal a human?"

This argument has run and run.

The Guts of it - it is ideological not to make the 'non-ideological' 'Well Tempered' assumption.

This is the guts of it - all of the above recognized as the granularity and 'diplomacy' of 'real-politik', GCI has nonetheless argued from the outset
that it is ideological not to make the 'non-ideological' 'well tempered' assumption. Since 1989, GCI has held this view until the present day.


Important as 'equal rights' per se are or may or may not be to some, unless we 'well temper' global emissions rights as 'equal', full-term modelling emissions control-rates
globally makes UNFCCC-Compliance unachievable; 'contraction' simply remains the aspirational result of an array of conflicting second-order assumptions about convergence.

Unless we choose a 'framework' based on making the well-tempered assumption, we remain stuck in a process of real-politik distorted by socio-economic 'guesswork' &
ideological bias.
Solving this problem too slowly, while we are running out of ‘opportunity time’, is running into the growing ‘opportunity cost’ of not really resolving it at all.

This is the origin of turning away from the roulette of a 'Market-based Framework', back to a non-random 'Framework-based Market' of C&C or a 'Well Tempered Climate Accord'.
Resolving the fundamental quarrel, resolves issues arising as we strive jointly & severally to achieve the Compliance we've known ab initio know we must achieve to survive.

An obvious truth consistently ignored.

As the last 30 years have tended to demonstrate, use of this roulette-model has been progressively decreasing the odds of UNFCCC-Compliance, while increasing the odds of the
'looming climate catastrophe for mankind' alluded to by Sir David King at the IEA in January 2016.
Consequently, as we accelerate out of control towards the 'event-horizon'
of global carbon consumption the other side of which is the 'irreversibility' of runaway rates of climate change, the strength of the well tempered proposal increases.

This is obviously the case when, as 'business-as-usual' time runs forward, the amount of carbon available for the contraction-event needed for UNFCCC-Compliance is shrinking.
This means it needs to be revised downwards enough and soon enough to reflect this. While this has started to happen, it still remains stuck in the randomness of too-little too-late.

The complete full-term expression of this (covering the period 1750-2050) was finished in 2015, in conjunction with Plan B.
Plan B
have now commenced a climate litigation campaign as argued for example in this evidence to the High Court.

  1. All Country CREDIT DEBIT introduction
  2. Contraction and Convergence - evolution and support the first 20 years
  3. EAC & the Carbon Budget Enquiries
  4. C&C is Embedded in 'CBAT', the Carbon Budget Analysis Tool
  5. Collaboration with Plan-B
  6. The Judicial Review
  7. HMG dodgy statistics  
  8. Assumptions
  9. 'Dominance'